(b. 1 Oct. 1895, d. 16 Oct. 1951).
Prime Minister of Pakistan 1947–51 Born in Karnal (Punjab), he studied at Aligarh, Allahabad, and Oxford, and was admitted to the English Bar in 1922. He returned, and became active in politics almost immediately. He joined the Muslim League and became a member of the Legislative Council of the United Provinces (1926–40). Especially during his time as secretary of the All-India Muslim League (1936–47), and then as chairperson of the Muslim League Central Parliamentary Board from 1945, he was Jinnah's right-hand man. Appointed Finance Minister in Nehru's interim government, he became Prime Minister upon Pakistan's independence in 1947. After Jinnah's death in 1948, he was the dominant figure in the first years of the country. He managed only with difficulty to keep abreast of the factional rivalries within the country's various Muslim groups. In foreign policy, he made peace with India, but found it hard to gain credence for his claim that Pakistan was a nation of equal weight in international affairs. By 1951, he began to lose favour (and control) even among his own supporters. He was assassinated while addressing a public rally in Rawalpindi.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — World History.