liberal studies

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'liberal studies' can also refer to...

liberal studies

liberal studies

Defectors and the Liberal Party: 1910–2010: A Study of Inter-party Relations

Pathways of Western liberal constitutional development in Asia: A comparative study of five major nations

The influence of liberal alcohol consumption on glucose metabolism in patients with type 1 diabetes: a pilot study

Liberal or restrictive fluid administration in fast-track colonic surgery: a randomized, double-blind study†

Christianity and Liberal Society. By Robert Song. Pp. x + 250. (Oxford Studies in Theological Ethics.) Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997. ISBN 0 19 815933 1. £35.

A Dialogue between a Liberal and an Ultra-Orthodox on the Exclusion of Women from Torah Study

David Ortiz, Jr. Paper Liberals: Press and Politics in Restoration Spain. (Contributions to the Study of World History, number 73.) Westport, Conn.: Greenwood. 2000. Pp. viii, 139. $62.50

Carl Ipsen. Italy in the Age of Pinocchio: Children and Danger in the Liberal Era. (Italian and Italian American Studies.) New York: Palgrave. 2006. Pp. 261. $65.00

Patricia Kollander. Frederick III: Germany's Liberal Emperor. (Contributions to the Study of World History, number 50.) Westport, Conn.: Greenwood. 1995. Pp. xvii, 215. $55.00

AXEL KÖRNER. Politics of Culture in Liberal Italy: From Unification to Fascism. (Routledge Studies in Modern European History, number 12.) New York: Routledge. 2009. Pp. xxi, 427. $110.00

Brett Gary. The Nervous Liberals: Propaganda Anxieties from World War I to the Cold War. (Columbia Studies in Contemporary American History.) New York: Columbia University Press. 1999. Pp. xii, 323. Cloth $49.50, paper $19.00

Jonathan Bell. The Liberal State on Trial: The Cold War and American Politics in the Truman Years. (Columbia Studies in Contemporary American History.) New York: Columbia University Press. 2004. Pp. xix, 383. $37.50

Francisco J. Romero Salvadó. The Foundations of Civil War: Revolution, Social Conflict and Reaction in Liberal Spain, 1916–1923. (Routledge/Cañada Blanch Studies on Contemporary Spain, number 14.) London: Cañada Blanch Centre for Contemporary Spanish Studies. New York: Routledge. 2008. Pp. xviii, 410. $120.00

Alexander de Grand. The Hunchback's Tailor: Giovanni Giolitti and Liberal Italy from the Challenge of Mass Politics to the Rise of Fascism, 1882–1922. Foreword by Spencer M. di Scala. (Italian and Italian-American Studies.) Westport, Conn.: Praeger. 2001. Pp. x, 294. $69.95

Catherine Gidney. A Long Eclipse: The Liberal Protestant Establishment and the Canadian University, 1920–1970. (McGill-Queen's Studies in the History of Religion, number 32.) Ithaca, N.Y.: McGill-Queen's University Press. 2004. Pp. xxvi, 240. $75.00


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Part of the curriculum of further education colleges in the 1970s and 1980s intended to contribute breadth to the education of students on vocational courses by introducing topics such as literature, letter‐writing, and sociological debate into their timetable. Its purpose derived from the liberal education model, which regarded a purely vocational, or skills‐based, curriculum as restrictive and mechanistic. It was aimed at developing the ‘whole person’, and represented the view that education should operate as a means of developing individual potential, aspirations, and enlightenment. By the 1990s liberal studies (or general studies, as it was sometimes known in this context) had been widely replaced by the teaching of communication and numeracy skills, later defined as key skills, with the more instrumental purpose of providing students with the skills demanded by employers and building a more literate and numerate workforce.

Because of the ‘bolt‐on’ nature of much liberal studies provision, it was sometimes viewed both by students and their vocational teachers as irrelevant and even risible. Something of this is captured in Tom Sharpe's comic novel Wilt (1976), which famously satirizes the contradictions of liberal studies provision in the 1970s.

Subjects: Education.

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