There were Celtic bishops from 656, but no formal see until c.669, owing allegiance to Lindisfarne, not Canterbury. Theodore of Canterbury nominated Chad as first bishop (d. 672). Lichfield became briefly (788–803) an archiepiscopal see, while Offa, as bretwalda, was in conflict with Canterbury. The creation of the separate Chester diocese in 1541 reduced Lichfield's significance, and in 1836 Coventry came under the Worcester diocese, further reducing Lichfield's influence. The 12th–13th‐cent. cathedral of red sandstone with three spires was badly damaged in the Civil War, restored in the 1660s, and again in the 19th cent.
Subjects: British History.