novelist and critic, who spent his early childhood in Cairo. He was educated at Oxford where he subsequently worked before travelling eastwards to lecture in Cairo and Athens. His novels include the trilogy Kind Relations (1939), Stepsons (1969), and The Last Enchantments (1948), following the boyhood and youth of two brothers and dwelling on the theme of domestic tyranny. A second trilogy comprises An Object for a Walk (1966); Unreal City (1952, set in the Alexandria of Cavafy towards the end of the Second World War); and The Rivers of Babylon (1959). Liddell also wrote of his friendship with E. Taylor and I. Compton‐Burnett in Elizabeth and Ivy (1986).