(1733–1810) Revolutionary war officer, born in Hingham, Massachusetts. Lincoln led the march of patriot forces from New York to Yorktown, commanded the right wing during the siege, and was appointed by George Washington to receive the sword of British Gen. Charles Cornwallis at the surrender (1781). Previously Lincoln had participated in several significant battles, among them White Plains (1776) and Charleston, where he had been compelled to surrender the city and his army (1780). After the revolution he served for two years as secretary of war under the new national government. Lincoln later played a major role in quelling Shays's Rebellion (1786–87), leading an expeditionary force of volunteers that overwhelmed the rebels.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.