James Lind

(1716—1794) naval surgeon and physician

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(1716–1794) Scottish physician and naval surgeon who conducted the first recorded clinical trial, to test his hypothesis that addition of fresh fruit, i.e., limes or lemons, to the diet would prevent scurvy on long sea voyages. Lind is credited with inventing the clinical trial and with initiating a paradigm shift in thinking about dietary deficiency as a cause of disease.

From A Dictionary of Public Health in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.

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