(1843–1914), Church historian. He was educated at Glasgow and Edinburgh, and was for a time assistant at the latter to A. C. Fraser in philosophy. He decided, however, to become a minister in the Free Church of Scotland, and in 1873 he became professor of church history at the theological college at Glasgow. His main interest was the history of the Protestant Reformation on the Continent, his two principal books being Luther and the German Reformation (1900) and A History of the Reformation in Europe (2 vols., 1906–7). His other writings include The Church and the Ministry in the Early Centuries (Cunningham Lectures, 1903).
From The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church in Oxford Reference.