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The fixing of a fabric (traditionally a fine linen canvas) to the back of a canvas picture for the purposes of strengthening it if it has been damaged or stucturally weakened. The majority of older pictures have been lined. Adhesion is achieved by a mixture of heat and glue or wax. The paint surface of a picture is inevitably somewhat ‘flattened’ in the course of lining and this is the main drawback of the whole process.

Subjects: Art.

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