The variety of food poisoning caused by Listeria species, rod-shaped, motile aerobic bacteria commonly transmitted in milk and milk products, especially cheese and yogurt. Infection causes a low fever, gastroenteritis, and, in about 25% of cases, meningoencephalitis. In late pregnancy and in neonates, it can be dangerous. It responds to ampicillin and gentamicin. Prevention requires rigorous food and kitchen hygiene, pasteurizing milk and milk products, and thorough cleaning and cooking of all suspect food.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.