List of Organizations

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There are many governmental and voluntary organizations concerned with the conservation of the environment and wildlife, and many learned societies that exist to facilitate communication among ecologists and to promote the study of ecological science. It would be impossible to list all of them. The following list is, therefore, selective. It includes bodies based in Europe and in English-speaking countries outside Europe, and it favours those organizations with web addresses. They are listed alphabetically. To access the following websites go to the dictionary's companion web page at http://www.oup.com/uk/resources/ecology, click on appendix web links in the resources section, and then click through to the relevant sites.

Asociación Española de Ecología Terrestre(Spanish Association of Terrestrial Ecology) Scientific society based at the Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, dedicated to the study of ecology.

Association of Bulgarian Ecologists Organization promoting ecological research and education, based in Sofia.

British Ecological Society A voluntary body, established in 1913 and currently with about 4000 members world-wide, that exists to advance ecological study and education, with membership open to anyone with an interest in ecology.

Canadian Botanical Association Ecology Section A branch of the Canadian national organization for botanists at all levels.

Conservation International An organization founded in Washington, D.C., in 1987 to promote nature conservation. It has more than 30 offices overseas and employs more than 900 persons.

DAPHNE – Institute of Applied Ecology An environmental organization founded in Slovakia in 1993 to promote the professional development of applied environmental research.

Denmark Society OikosSee Nordic Society Oikos.

Department of Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) The UK government department responsible for the environment, food, farming, and rural matters.

EAFESSeeEast Asian Federation of Ecological Societies.

Earthwatch Institute An international non-profit organization, founded in 1971 and based in Maynard, Massachusetts, that supports scientific field research by offering up to 4000 volunteers each year opportunities to join research teams working on ecological, conservation, archaeological, and other projects.

East Asian Federation of Ecological Societies (EAFES) An organization, formed in 2002, by the ecological societies of China, Japan, and South Korea, with the aim of promoting ecological science throughout the region.

Ecological Society for Eastern Africa An organization for professional ecologists founded in 2007.

Ecological Society for Germany, Austria and Switzerland (Gesellschaft für Ökologie) An independent, non-profit organization founded in 1970 to promote basic and applied ecological science, improve communication among ecologists, and support education in ecology.

Ecological Society of America (ESA) A non-profit organization founded in 1915 to promote scientific ecology by improving communication among ecologists, and to raise public awareness of the importance of ecological science.

Ecological Society of Australia Incorporated (ESA) An organization of professional ecologists and students.

Ecological Society of China A national non-profit academic organization with more than 7500 members, founded in 1979, and affiliated to the Chinese Association for Science and Technology.

Ecological Society of Japan An organization of professional ecologists, based in Kyoto.

Ecological Society of Korea An organization of professional ecologists, based in Seoul.

EEASeeEuropean Environment Agency.

Environment Agency An executive non-departmental public body responsible to the UK Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and an assembly sponsored body responsible to the National Assembly for Wales. The agency aims to improve the environment in England and Wales and to promote sustainable development.

Environmental Protection Agency (Ireland) An independent public body, established to protect and improve the environment in Ireland through licensing and enforcement of legislation.

Environment Canada The Canadian government department, based in Gatineau, Quebec, that aims to preserve and enhance the quality of the natural environment.

EPASeeUnited States Environmental Protection Agency.

ESASeeEcological Society of America; Ecological Society of Australia.

European Commission The body that proposes legislation to the European Parliament, administers and implements the policies, including environmental policies, of the European Union (EU), enforces (with the Court of Justice) EU law, and negotiates international agreements.

European Ecological Federation An organization formed to promote cooperation in Europe within the science of ecology. Its members include most of the European national ecological societies.

European Environment Agency (EEA) An agency of the European Union, based in Copenhagen, that was established in 1993 to provide sound, independent information on environmental matters.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations The UN agency, based in Rome, that leads global efforts to combat hunger and malnutrition.

Hungarian Ecological Society An organization of professional ecologists founded in 1997 to promote and coordinate the basic and applied work of ecologists and to represent their interests.

IALESeeInternational Association for Landscape Ecology.

International Association for Landscape Ecology (IALE) A worldwide organization of landscape ecologists, based at the University of Maryland, that provides a means of communication among its members.

International Society of Chemical Ecology A society that promotes the understanding of interactions between organisms and their environment that are mediated by naturally occurring chemicals.

Italian Society of Ecology (Società Italiana di Ecologia) A society with more than 700 active members that promotes theoretical and applied ecological research and disseminates information about ecology.

IUCNSeeWorld Conservation Union.

Ministry for the Environment (New Zealand) The government department that aims to protect the environment and that advises on national and international environment matters.

Ministry of Environment and Forests (India) The government agency responsible for planning, promotion, coordination, and supervision of environmental and forestry programmes.

National Institute of Ecology, India A non-profit organization for professional ecologists and environmental scientists, founded in 1976 and currently with about 600 members.

Natural England An independent public body that aims to protect and improve the English natural environment and to encourage people to enjoy it.

Nature Conservancy, The A non-profit conservation body that began as the activist wing of the Ecological Society of America, from which it broke away in 1946 as the Ecologists Union. It changed its name to The Nature Conservancy in 1950. It aims to protect the environment worldwide.

Netherlands–Flemish Ecological Society An organization of professional ecologists in the Dutch–Flemish language region that aims to improve ecological research and communications between ecologists in the Netherlands and Flanders through organizing symposia, workshops, courses, and other activities.

New Zealand Ecological Society An organization formed in 1951 to promote the study of ecology and the application of ecological knowledge. Membership is open to anyone interested in ecology, whether professional or amateur.

Nordic Society Oikos An umbrella organization, based at the Department of Ecology, Lund University, Sweden, for the ecological societies in Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Iceland. The Nordic Society Oikos aims to stimulate scientific communication through publishing a number of journals.

Northern Ireland Environment Agency An agency within the Department of Environment that advises on and implements government environmental policy.

Norwegian Ministry of the Environment The government ministry responsible for implementing national environmental policies.

Royal Botanical Society of Belgium A society founded in 1862 to promote research in all aspects of the plant sciences, including plant ecology.

SAIEESSeeSouth African Institute of Ecologists and Environmental Scientists.

SCBSeeSociety for Conservation Biology.

Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) A non-departmental public body, answerable through Scottish ministers to the Scottish Parliament, which protects and improves the environment in Scotland.

Scottish Natural Heritage A government body, established in 1992, which works mainly in collaboration with other organizations and individuals to protect the natural environment and encourage people to enjoy it.

SEPASeeScottish Environment Protection Agency.

Serbian Ecological Society An organization founded in 1978 that aims to promote ecological research and environmental protection.

Societé Française d'Écologie An organization founded in 1968 to promote all aspects of ecology in France.

Society for Conservation Biology (SCB) An international organization of professional conservation scientists, with more than 10 000 members, that promotes the scientific study of the factors affecting biodiversity with the aim of conserving biodiversity.

Society for Ecological Restoration International A non-profit organization founded in 1988, based in Tucson, Arizona. Its 2300 members in 37 countries and all 50 US states comprise individuals and organizations actively engaged in the repair and management of ecosystems.

Society for Human Ecology An international, interdisciplinary, professional society that promotes the use of an ecological perspective in research, education, and application.

South African Institute of Ecologists and Environmental Scientists (SAIEES) A professional body, established in 1998 and currently with almost 300 members, that represents ecologists and environmental scientists in Southern Africa.

Swedish Oikos Society An organization for professional ecologists.

UNEPSeeUnited Nations Environment Programme.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) The UN body, based in Nairobi, that was established in 1972 to coordinate the environmental activities of member states and encourage partnerships to protect the environment.

United States Environment Protection Agency (EPA) The federal agency, established in 1970, based in Washington, D.C., and with 10 regional offices, that aims to protect human health and the environment.

United States Fish and Wildlife Service The US federal agency responsible for nature conservation.

Wilderness Society A US organization, founded in 1935, that works to protect wilderness areas.

World Conservation Union (IUCN) The world's oldest and largest environmental network, the International Union for Conservation of Nature has more than 1000 government and nongovernmental member organizations and almost 11000 volunteer scientists working in more than 160 countries.

Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF) Formerly known as the World Wildlife Fund (by which name it is still known in North America), WWF was founded in 1961 in Switzerland and raises funds to invest in conservation projects worldwide.

WWFSeeWorldwide Fund for Nature.

From A Dictionary of Ecology in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Ecology and Conservation.

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