A person who is a party to a court action (this may include a company or corporation). A litigant may present his case personally to the court. If he does so, he may be assisted by a person who can take notes and advise but cannot assist in the actual presentation of the case (a McKenzie friend). Alternatively, a litigant may be represented by a barrister or, where appropriate, a solicitor. A successful litigant can usually claim his legal costs from his opponent. If the litigant did not have legal representation he may claim costs for the work he has done himself that would otherwise have been carried out by a lawyer (Civil Procedure Rules Part 48).