(b London, 1818; d Paris, 1891).
Fr. composer and pianist of Anglo‐Alsatian parentage. Début London 1832. Settled in Paris 1835. Cond. at Warsaw 1841–4. In Dresden 1844 taught Hans von Bülow. On visit to Eng. 1845, in abortive attempt to divorce first wife, he was sent to jail but escaped to Holland with help of jailer's daughter. Became mus. publisher, Brunswick, 1851, on marriage to widow of publisher G. M. Meyer (firm's name changed to Henry Litolff Verlag). Pioneered popular cheap edns. 1861. Court cond. Saxe‐Coburg‐Gotha 1855. Settled in Paris 1869 to cond. and compose. Wrote 6 operas, operettas, oratorio, Scenes from Goethe's Faust, pf. solos, chamber mus., and 5 Concerts‐symphoniques for pf. and orch. (No.4, c.1852, contains often‐played Scherzo). The Litolff pub. firm was modernized by his adopted son Theodor (1839–1912). It was taken over by Peters of Leipzig, 1940.