(b Edinburgh, 1930).
Scottish conductor, organist, and pianist. Ass. organist and chorusmaster, St Giles Cath., Edinburgh, 1946–51; org. and choirmaster, St John the Divine, Kennington, 1951–3, All Souls, Langham Place, 1953–4. Apprentice cond. Yorkshire SO 1954–5. Ass. cond. Munster Opera 1955–6, Bavarian State Opera, Munich, 1956–7, Glyndebourne 1957–9, répétiteur Glyndebourne 1962–8. Prof. of cond. RCM 1962–72. Mus. dir. WNO 1968–73; cond. Kassel Opera 1972–80. NY Met début 1984 (with ENO). Dir. of opera, RCM 1986–93, of London Royal Schools' vocal faculty, from 1993. Frequent accompanist to sop. Margaret Price.