(c.1568–1643), lord chancellor of Ireland and first Viscount Ely, a typical New English careerist in the Irish church–state apparatus. Brought over in the 1590s by his uncle and namesake Adam Loftus, archbishop of Dublin 1567–1606, he was quickly granted an archdeaconry, church lands, a knighthood, and headship of the Irish marshal court. In the 1610s he received a plantation grant in Wexford and became lord chancellor, a position he allegedly bought from Buckingham, the royal favourite. He fell out with Viscount Falkland, lord deputy 1622–2, but was subsequently appointed lord justice with Richard Boyle, the leader of a rival planter faction. Wentworth had Loftus suspended and imprisoned, on dubious grounds, in 1637, but the English House of Lords quashed this judgment following Wentworth's own impeachment.
From The Oxford Companion to Irish History in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: European History.