Henry Cabot Lodge


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(b. Nahant, Massachusetts, 5 July 1902; d. Beverly, Massachusetts, 27 Feb. 1985)

US; US Senator 1936–52, US delegate to the United Nations 1953–60, US ambassador to South Vietnam 1963–4, 1965–7 Lodge was educated at Middlesex School, Concord, Massachusetts, and graduated from Harvard in 1924. He embarked on a career in journalism, beginning as a trainee on the Boston Evening Transcript and then becoming a staff reporter on the New York Herald Tribune. At the age of 30 he followed in his grandfather's (Henry Cabot Lodge Sr.) footsteps and was elected, first to the Massachusetts legislature, and then, four years later in 1936, to the US Senate.

Lodge, a liberal Republican in domestic matters, inherited his grandfather's isolationist views in respect of foreign policy, and, in 1939, voted against amending the Neutrality Act in Britain's favour. His views on foreign policy were changed by his wartime experience. During the Second World War he saw active service in Libya. On returning to the Senate in 1946 he became a convinced advocate of the need for America to participate in the proposed collective security arrangements of the United Nations.

Lodge played an active role in persuading General Eisenhower to accept the nomination as Republican Party presidential candidate in 1952. Lodge lost his own Senate seat in this election to John F. Kennedy. Eisenhower repaid his indebtedness to Lodge by appointing him US Permanent Representative to the United Nations at ambassadorial rank with a seat in the Cabinet.

Lodge never ran for the presidency himself but in 1960 agreed to be Richard Nixon's running-mate. The contest was narrowly lost to Lodge's former political rival, Kennedy, who, in 1963 appointed Lodge ambassador to South Vietnam, a post which he continued to occupy under Johnson. After this assignment Lodge spent a couple of years as ambassador-at-large and then spent his final years in public service as the President's Special Representative to the Vatican.

Subjects: Warfare and Defence.

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