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logograph


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A representation of a complete morpheme, word, or phrase in a single character or symbol, as in the writing systems of China and Japan or internationally recognized symbols such as % for per cent, ÷ for divided by, @ for at, © for copyright, and so on. The great Chinese dictionary of K'ang Hsi (1662–1722) contains almost 50,000 logographs, but basic literacy in modern Chinese is usually assumed to require knowledge of some 2,000 basic logographs, and the Japanese Ministry of Education prescribes 1,850 characters as essential for everyday use, of which 881 are taught to elementary schoolchildren. Also called a logogram. See also kanji. Compare ideograph, pictograph. logographic adj. [From Greek logos a word + graphein to write]

Subjects: Psychology.


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