(26 Apr. 1915)
A secret treaty between Russia, Britain, and France on the one side, and Italy on the other. In an effort to induce Italy to enter World War I within a month, the other powers confirmed Italian possessions of Libya and the Dodecanese, and promised Italian possession of Italia Irredenta, i.e. South Tirol, Trentino, Istria, Gorizia, Gradisca, and Trieste. It would also gain stretches along the Dalmatian coast, and Turkish areas in Asia Minor. Italy did enter the war on 24 May, but the opening of a southern front failed to change the balance of the war decisively. After the Russian Revolutions of 1917, the Bolsheviks refuted all treaties concluded by the previous Tsarist regime. The Treaty of London stood in flagrant violation of US President Wilson's plans for a postwar order, and thus received little regard at the Paris Peace Conference, where Italy was awarded much, though not all, of Italia Irredenta. Italian outrage against the violation of the treaty gave a stimulus to populist, irredentist groups such as those led by D'Annuncio and Mussolini.Fiume
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).