Founded 1904, self‐governing from start, by players who seceded from Henry Wood's Queen's Hall Orch. because he banned the system of deputies (by which a player could unilaterally send a deputy to a concert while he took a more lucrative engagement). First concert Queen's Hall, London, 9 June 1904, cond. Richter, who remained prin. cond. until 1911. Toured USA 1912 cond. Nikisch. Also assoc. with Elgar as cond. (he was prin. cond. 1911–12). For many years was regular orch. at 3 Choirs Fests. Conductors have incl. Albert Coates and Harty. Those appointed prin. cond. since 2nd World War have been Josef Krips (1950–4), Pierre Monteux (1961–4), Istvan Kertész (1965–8), André Previn (1968–79), Claudio Abbado (1979–88), Michael Tilson Thomas (1988–95), Colin Davis (1995–2006), Valery Gergiev from 2006. Salzburg Fest. début 1973 (cond. Previn).