Was founded largely on the initiative of Lord Brougham. Opening in 1828, University College had no religious entrance requirements and became known as ‘the godless institution of Gower Street’. In the following year, in contrast, King's College was founded to promote ‘the doctrines and duties of Christianity’. In 1900 a federal structure was adopted. London has a vice‐chancellor and a principal, and consists of schools of the university, medical schools, and senate institutes. Senate House and a nucleus of colleges were built in Bloomsbury in the late 1930s.