George Long was born in Poulton, Lancashire on 4 November 1800, the first son of James Long, a merchant, and died in Chichester on 10 August 1879. He arrived at Trinity College, Cambridge as a Sizar and graduated a Craven Scholar in 1822 (MA 1825), a Wrangler who also won the Chancellor's Classical Medal over Macaulay and the classicist Henry Malden. He was voted a Fellowship (1823–7) but after one year he went with his colleague, Thomas Hewett Key, to the new University of Virginia in Charlottesville, charged with bringing modern classical philology to America. He remained for four years (1824–8), developing a friendship with Jefferson and incubating a devotion to the American South. He trained his successor, Gessner Harrison, in the principles of comparative grammar of Franz Bopp. The founding of the University of London (now University College London) brought Long back to England as its first Professor of Greek, joining Key, the Professor of Latin. There he published widely used texts of Herodotus (1829–33) and Xenophon's Anabasis (1831).
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.