Bishop and statesman. Longchamp was born in Normandy and was taken up by Richard, heir to Henry II, who appointed him chancellor of Aquitaine. When Richard succeeded in 1189, Longchamp was made chancellor of England, given the see of Ely, and became a papal legate. In the long absences of Richard, he was the most powerful man in the kingdom. Richard's brother John acted as a rallying‐point for opposition to Longchamp; his seizure of Geoffrey, archbishop of York, scandalized many; and in 1191 he was forced into exile on the continent.
Subjects: British History.