Longe was born on 25 September 1831 in Coddenham, Suffolk, and died in Ipswich on 20 February 1910. He was the second son of the Rev. Robert Longe, vicar of Coddenham and squire of Spixworth after the death of his brother John Longe. Longe studied at Oriel College Oxford from 1850 to 1854, where he became interested in John Stuart mill’s economic philosophy. Cricket archives indicate that he played for the Oxford University team. After graduating, Longe Read law at the Inner Temple in London, and was appointed assistant commissioner of the Children's Employment Commission soon after being called to the bar in 1858. In this capacity he became acquainted with the institutions and ways of the labour market. marx refers repeatedly to his reports in Book I of Capital (Marx 1867: chaps 10 and 15). Longe was private secretary to Lord goschen, president of the Poor Law Board, from 1868 to 1870 and served as inspector of the Local Government Board as from 1871. He married Sarah Rose Patterson, daughter of the Rev. Thomas Patterson, rector of Hambledon, Hampshire, in 1864.
From The Biographical Dictionary of British Economists in Oxford Reference.