Medical, nursing, and social care of dependent persons over a prolonged period that may be provided by a multidisciplinary team or an individual caregiver, either in the dependent person's home or, more often, in an institution. It can include bedside nursing care, physiotherapy, provision of hot meals, rehabilitation, palliative care, or any combination of these. Long-term care is required for increasing numbers of dependent elderly and infirm people in modern urban societies where many people have no close kin to care for them. Special problems arise in the long-term care of persons with Alzheimer's disease, who may require custodial care to prevent wandering away. Nosocomial infections are a common problem. The provision and economics of long-term care are challenging problems in many nations with aging populations.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Social Work.