the first native Chinese bishop. Of pagan parentage, he embraced Christianity when he grew up. In 1651 he became a Dominican, and in 1654 he was ordained the first Chinese priest. In 1674 he was offered but declined a bishopric. Innocent XI overruled his objections in 1679 and ordered him to accept consecration. Now, however, there were difficulties with the Dominican authorities, and Lopez was eventually consecrated in 1685 by Italian Franciscans. There was no further native RC bishop in China until 1918.