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A medieval kingdom (corresponding to the modern region of NE France) which extended from the North Sea to Italy. The name comes from Latin Lotharingia, from Lothair, the name of a Frankish king (825–69).

Lorraine later became an important French duchy of the House of Guise.

Lorraine cross (or cross of Lorraine) a cross with one vertical and two horizontal bars. It was the symbol of Joan of Arc, and in the Second World War was adopted by the Free French forces of General de Gaulle.

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