Scottish legal post. Originally the lord justice clerk of Scotland was clerk and assessor to the Justiciar's Court. The court, usually presided over by peers, had professional lawyers as clerks. Gradually the post increased in importance and by the late 16th cent. the holder was always a member of the Privy Council. By the late 17th cent. he had become one of the judges in the court itself. Today the lord justice clerk is the holder of the second highest judicial office in Scotland.
Subjects: British History.