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Is the name applied to the tract of land bounded by the Forth and Tweed rivers, which was absorbed into Northumbria in the 7th cent. and became firmly part of Scotland in the 10th cent. From 1977 until 1996 it formed an administrative region of Scotland. The region was abolished in 1996 and its territory divided between four all‐purpose councils, Edinburgh, East Lothian, Midlothian, and West Lothian. The number and strength of the institutions based in Edinburgh cannot fail to ensure that the area round Edinburgh retains the leadership which it acquired when medieval kings of Scotland made it their capital and when ships at the quayside at Leith unloaded French claret and Calvinist theology.

Subjects: British History.

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