Francis Cabot Lowell


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Founder of the US cotton industry. A Boston merchant, in 1814 he established the first US factory to use both spinning and weaving machinery (and the first in the world to manufacture cotton cloth using power machinery enclosed in a single building) at Waltham, Massachusetts. Lowell was singular among early US industrialists for the paternalistic concern he demonstrated for his workforce and for their living and working conditions.

Subjects: World History.

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