Richard Lower (always known as Dick to his friends) was born on the family estate at Tremeer, near Bodmin in Cornwall, was baptized on 29 January 1631 and died in London on 17 January 1691. Educated at Westminster School, he entered Christ Church, Oxford in 1649 as the holder of a studentship, received his BA in 1653 and his MA in 1655. He stayed in Oxford studying medicine, including chemistry under Peter Sthael, whom Robert Boyle had brought to Oxford. He received the degrees of B.Med. and D.Med. by recommendation of the Chancellor of the University, Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, in 1665. In 1667 Lower moved to London and set up in medical practice, first in Hatton Garden, next near Fleet Street, then Bow Street, and lastly King Street, near Covent Garden, where, according to Anthony à Wood, ‘being much resorted to for his successful practice, especially after the death of Dr Willis … he was esteemed the most noted physician in Westminster and London, and no man's name was more cried up at court than his’. However, he ceased to be patronized by the court after 1678 when he supported the Whigs in politics, and his medical practice fell away. In 1671 he was a candidate of the Royal College of Physicians, becoming a Fellow in July 1675. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in November 1667. He married Elizabeth Billing in 1666, and they had two daughters.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.