poet and artist, born Mina Gertrude Lowy in London of Jewish parents; attended art school in Munich and Paris; and exhibited her paintings in Paris. While living in Italy she began writing, both ‘manifestos’ and poetry. The publication of her ‘Love Songs’ (in Others, 1915, 1917) caused, as W. C. Williams remarked, ‘wild enthusiasm among free‐verse writers… and really quite a stir in the country at large’. Loy's work was noticed for its ‘radical’ social views and its innovative forms. Her Lunar Baedeker, a landmark in Modernist poetry, was published in 1923, and her long modernist autobiographical poem, Anglo‐Mongrels and the Rose, between 1923 and 1925.