Lubāna Plain, Latvia

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Mesolithic and Neolithic settlements dating to the period 9000–2000 bc around Lubāna Lake on the borders of the Balvi, Madona, and Rēzekne districts of eastern Latvia. Investigations directed by I. Loze and F. Zagorskis between 1963 and 1982 revealed 23 separate settlement areas, some thirteen of which were sampled by excavation. Hunting and fishing provided the subsistence base of the settlements of the Kunda Culture and Narva Culture horizons. Finds include preserved parts of fish‐traps and nets as well as artefacts in flint, slate, bone, horn, and wood. From the later Neolithic, the Corded Ware Culture and Lubāna pottery horizons of the c. late 3rd millennium bc, crop cultivation, and cattle breeding took over. Houses included piled structures with stone hearths set in marshy ground. Throughout the Neolithic, the Lubāna Plain was a centre of amber working and exchange.


I. Loze, 1979, Akmens laikmets Lubāna klānos. Riga

Subjects: Archaeology.

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