(Breslau, now Wroclaw, 1881–1948, Ascona), worked as a journalist and wrote numerous biographies romancées, in which much carefully gathered source material was fused and presented in a manner more appropriate to fiction. In the 1920s and 1930s he had a considerable vogue. His works include Bismarck (1926), Richard Dehmel (1913), Wagner oder die Entzauberten (1913), Goethe (1920), Wilhelm der Zweite (1925), Juli 14 (1929), Michelangelo (1930), Schliemann (1932), Roosevelt (1938), and Napoleon (1939). He became a Swiss citizen in 1932 and settled in the USA in 1940. His political commitment to democratic reforms during the Weimar Republic can be ascertained in the select edition of his newspaper articles (1919–32) by F. C. West, Emil Ludwig. Für die Weimarer Republik und Europa (1992). Gesammelte Werke (5 vols.) appeared 1945–6.
From The Oxford Companion to German Literature in Oxford Reference.