(b Witkowitz, 1908; d Lüneburg, 1979). Austrian conductor. Began career at Opava, 1931. Mus. dir. Oldenburg 1936, Vienna Opera 1939–43, Berlin State Opera 1943–51. Mus. dir. Hamburg Opera 1951–70, conducting many contemporary works and taking company to Edinburgh (1952), London 1962 (f. Brit. p. of Berg's Lulu), and NY (1967). Glyndebourne 1959; NY Met 1970.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.