(b Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1900; d NY, 1996).
Amer. composer, conductor, teacher, and flautist. Worked as flautist and accompanist, 1915. Cond. opera in Munich and Zurich 1917–20. One of founders of Amer. Grand Opera Co., Chicago, 1920. Dir., opera dept., Eastman Sch. of Mus. 1925–8. Taught in Cologne 1928–32, Univ. of Arizona 1932–4, Bennington Coll., Vermont, 1934–44. Prof. of mus. Barnard Coll., NY, 1944–7. On philosophy faculty, Columbia Univ., 1949–68. Co‐dir. Columbia‐Princeton Elec. Mus. Center 1959–80. Taught comp. Juilliard Sch. 1971–3. Large body of comps. incl. opera Evangeline (Longfellow); A Wisconsin Symphony; fl. concertino; Kentucky Concerto for orch.; song settings of Whitman and Blake; chamber mus. incl. 3 str. qts.; various sonatas; Sonority Canon for 2 to 37 fl.; and pf. pieces. Comp. several elec. works, e.g. Fantasy in Space, fl. on tape, and Synthesis for orch. Also elec. works in collab. with V. Ussachevsky, incl. A Poem in Cycles and Bells, tape recorder and orch.; and mus. for prods. of Shaw's Back to Methuselah and Shakespeare's King Lear.