(b Genoa, 1959).
It. conductor. Began to study piano aged 4 and graduated from Paganini Cons. 1978. Studied with Ciccolini in Paris. Attended Graz Univ. of Mus. to study with Milan Horvat. First post at Graz Opera as acc. and cond. 1983. Concert début Martina Franca, Italy (Cimarosa's Requiem), and Graz Opera (Donizetti's Viva la Mama), both 1984. Founder and art. dir. Graz SO 1990–5. Art. dir. and chief cond. Tonkünstlerorch., Vienna, 1995–2000. Mus. dir. and art. dir. Orch. de la Suisse Romande 1997–2002. NYPO début 2000, NY Met 2005 (Don Carlos). Salzburg Fest. début 2002 (Die Liebe der Danae). Chief cond. Vienna SO from 2005. Gen. mus. dir. Semperoper, Dresden, and chief cond. Staatskapelle Orch. 2007–2010, Zürich Opera from 2012.