(b. Smolensk, 7 May 1930)
Russian; CPSU Central Committee member 1986–91 and Secretary 1987–91, chair of the Supreme Soviet 1990–1 Having worked in a factory from the age of 13, Luk'yanov was later educated in law at Moscow University (where he became friends with Gorbachev) and joined the Communist Party in 1955. He became a Doctor of Juridical Sciences and a legal consultant, first for the Council of Ministers and then the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet. From 1983 he worked in the Central Committee apparatus, first as head of the General Department (assisting the General Secretary) and later as Secretary and head of the Administrative Organs Department (supervising the military and KGB). Elected to the Congress of People's Deputies in 1989, he became deputy chair to (Gorbachev) of the Supreme Soviet and Chair in 1990, when Gorbachev moved to the executive presidency. He was responsible for overseeing much of the new legislation, but became increasingly conservative. In August 1991 he was involved in the putsch against Gorbachev and was arrested and accused of treason. Imprisoned, he was soon granted an amnesty by the Duma. He was then elected to the Duma in 1993, 1995, and 1999 as a member of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (established in 1993), in which he played a prominent part.