1 (Verdi: Il trovatore). Bar. A nobleman of Aragon, who inherited the title and estate from his father. His younger brother was snatched as a baby by the gypsy Azucena who is thought to have thrown him into the flames of her mother's funeral pyre, but di Luna doesn't believe his brother to be dead. He has fallen in love with the Duchess Leonora, but she seems to favour the troubador Manrico. The two men fight a duel, and although Manrico wins, he does not kill Luna—something seems to stop him making the final thrust. Later, in battle, Manrico is wounded by Luna and nursed by Azucena in the gypsy encampment. Luna vows to kill Azucena, whose rescue is attempted by Manrico. Now Luna imprisons them both. Leonora offers herself to him in return for Manrico's freedom—an offer he gladly accepts—but she takes poison and dies. He proceeds with Manrico's execution, and as Manrico dies Azucena tells him it was her own son she burned—Luna has just executed his brother. Aria: Il balen del suo sorriso (‘The flash of her smile’—regarded by many as one of the loveliest baritone solos Verdi ever wrote); Per me, ora fatale (‘For me, the fatal hour’). Created (1853) by Giovanni Guicciardi.
2 (Pfitzner: Palestrina). Bar. Ambassador of the King of Spain. Attends the final meeting of the Council of Trent. Created (1917) by Gustav Schützendorf.
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