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In China.this was the Vinaya school, or the school of scholar-monks who specialized in studying and commenting upon the monastic regulations and procedures, as well as the study and administration of both lay and clerical precepts. Tao-hsüan (596–667) is commonly recognized as the founder, and it was under his influence that Chinese Buddhists adopted, from among the four canonical Vinayas available in translation, that of the Indian Dharmaguptaka school (known in China as the ‘Vinaya in Four Parts’ (Chin., Ssu-fen lü) as the official precepts for the clergy. The school has always been very small in terms of numbers, but has gained influence and respect for its work in systematizing and providing high-quality guidance for monastic and lay life. The texts of this school were transmitted to Japan.where they became the basis for the Risshū.one of the Six Schools of Nara Buddhism.

Subjects: Buddhism.

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