British architect, often regarded as the last great designer of traditional buildings. He is known for his plans for New Delhi (especially the Viceroy's House), the Cenotaph in London, and the Roman Catholic Cathedral in Liverpool. He was knighted in 1918 and appointed to the OM in 1942.
Born in London, Lutyens was a self-taught architect who after a brief apprenticeship set up in practice on his own in 1889. His designs for Munstead Wood (1896) for the garden designer Gertrude Jekyll helped him to become established very rapidly. Many Surrey houses in the arts-and-crafts style were created by Lutyens in the years before World War I. His range also extended to the grander palladian Heathcote (1906) in Yorkshire and the neogothic Castle Drogo (1910) in Devonshire. In 1912 he was selected as adviser on the plans for New Delhi, where he introduced an open garden-city layout. His Viceroy's House succeeds in combining the dominant features of classical architecture with decoration in the Indian idiom. After World War I he was much in demand as a designer of memorials to the fallen. The Cenotaph (1919) in Whitehall is the best known in the UK and there were several in France. Other buildings designed by him include the head office of the Midland Bank in the City (1924) and the British Embassy in Washington (1927). In 1929 he designed a Roman Catholic cathedral for Liverpool, but only the crypt and sacristy were built to his plan before work stopped owing to World War II: the cathedral was subsequently completed to a different design.