(b. 17 Nov. 1854, d. 21 Mar. 1934).
French marshal Born in Nancy, Lyautey graduated from the French Military Academy of Saint-Cyr in 1873 and spent most of his professional life in the French colonial service. He became Resident-General of Morocco in 1912, but was recalled to Paris as Minister of War in 1916. Put off by the turbulence of parliamentary politics, Lyautey returned to Morocco in 1917 and served there until retirement in 1925. A paternalistic, but extremely successful, Governor, he carried out major infrastructural improvements, irrigation and engineering projects, and the introduction of modern farming methods. He respected inherent traditions and Islamic culture, as well as the role of the Sultan. Lyautey was widely respected in France, but his enlightened views were not shared by his successors in the colonial administration.French Empire
Subjects: Military History — Contemporary History (Post 1945).