Trofim Denisovich Lysenko

(1898—1976) Soviet biologist and geneticist

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A fanatic anti-geneticist, who attained extraordinary power in the USSR under Stalin, and retained it under Khrushchev. He sought successfully the suppression of research in genetics and was responsible for the imprisonment and execution of a number of noted Soviet geneticists. The failure of his own attempts, based on a kind of Lamarckism, to increase grain production led to his own downfall and contributed to that of Khrushchev.

Subjects: Biological Sciences.

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