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A school of pseudoscience that flour-ished in the Soviet Union between 1932 and 1965. Its doctrines were advanced by T. D. Lysenko (1898–1976), who did not accept the gene concept and believed in the inheritance of acquired characteristics. Lysenko became the dominant figure in Soviet agriculture, after winning the support of Stalin. N. V. Vavilov, the great geneticist and leader of Soviet agriculture who Lysenko replaced, was later arrested for “sabotaging Soviet science” and thrown into prison, where he died of starvation in 1943. See Chronology, 1926, Vavilov.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.

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