a prominent politician, and an opponent of Sir R. Walpole, was also a friend of Pope, Shenstone, and Fielding, and a liberal patron of literature. It is he whom Thomson addresses in The Seasons and who procured the poet a pension. He published, among numerous works, Dialogues of the Dead (1760), and a history of Henry II (1767–71). Of the Dialogues, the last three were by Mrs Montagu. He was caricatured by Smollett as Scragg in Peregrine Pickle.