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The celebrated Jewish family which fostered armed opposition to the introduction of pagan cult into the Temple at Jerusalem by Antiochus Epiphanes. The revolt began in 168 bc at Modin, where Mattathias, an aged priest, killed an apostate Jew who was about to offer a pagan sacrifice. The struggle was carried on by his five sons, three of whom, Judas, Jonathan, and Simon, led the Jews in their struggle.

Subjects: Christianity.

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