(b London, 1813; d London, 1887).
Eng. composer and teacher. Prof., RAM 1837–87. Cond. at CG from 1845. Prof. of mus., Cambridge Univ., 1875. Prin., RAM 1875–87. Knighted 1883. Blind by 1860, dictating to amanuensis. Works incl. 12 operas (Don Quixote, 1846, Robin Hood, 1860, She Stoops to Conquer, 1864), 9 syms., oratorios, cantatas, ov. Chevy Chase (1836), pf. conc., vn. conc., sonatas, str. qts., and much church mus. Also wrote textbooks on harmony and articles for Grove's Dictionary, etc. Ed. works by Purcell and Handel, and colls. of Eng., Scottish, and Irish songs.