Architecture that suggested something machine-made, acknowledging industrialization, mass-production, and engineering, or that used elements of metal structures (ships, aeroplanes, motorcars, etc.) in an eclectic fashion, more a matter of arriving at an appearance than of actually being what it seemed, a fact that contradicted demands for honesty and truth in architecture, and denied the logic of structural principles. International Modernism tended to use smooth wall-finishes and long strips of metal-framed windows suggested by ocean-going liners of the Titanic vintage, but the walls were often of rendered brickwork.
Architectural Review, lxxviii (Dec. 1935), 211–18;R. Banham (1960);Giedion (1969);P. Johnson (1969);Sparke (ed.) (1981);Jane Turner (1996);R. Wilson et al. (1986)