(1861–1945), Catholic bishop of Down and Connor 1915–28, archbishop of Armagh from 1928, made a cardinal in 1929. Earlier he had been president of Dungannon Academy, then professor of moral theology and scripture at Oldon Seminary, Birmingham. From 1889 he was professor of scripture at Maynooth, where he wrote a commentary on St John's Gospel (1897) and was co-founder of the Irish Theological Quarterly (1906), becoming college vice-president in 1912. He supported Collins's strategy of refusing to recognize the new Northern Ireland state (although he served on the Catholic–police liaison committee set up under the Craig–Collins pact) and was reluctant to condemn IRA activities. As archbishop he proved much more hardline than his predecessor O'Donnell, continuing to regard dealings with the new government as collaboration with the enemy.
From The Oxford Companion to Irish History in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: European History.