1 (Mādhavācarya, Vidyāraṇya) (14th century ce) Author of the Sarvadarśanasaṃgraha (‘Compendium of All Philosophical Schools’), a summary of sixteen philosophical systems (darśanas) from an Advaita perspective. He is said to be identical with Vidyāraṇa, and therefore also the author of the Advaita manual, Pañcadaśī. Reputed to have been chief minister at the Vijayanagara court of King Bukka, before renouncing to become head of the Śṛṅgeri maṭha, he collaborated on various works with his younger brother, Sāyaṇa, the commentator on the Ṛg Veda. He is sometimes confused with Madhva.
2 (‘descendant of Madhu’) An epithet of Kṛṣṇa.
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