(1908–73) Italian actress. She performed in variety shows in 1934, excelling for her aggressive and picturesque personality, and in 1941 began a career alongside the Neapolitan comedian Totò. She was offered her first film role by Vittorio de Sica in Teresa Venerdì, reprising the type of lower-class and defiant Roman chorus girl she had successfully played on stage. Magnani turned to film after the war, and is particularly remembered for Rossellini's neorealist Roma città aperta (1945), Visconti's Bellissima (1951), and Renoir's La carrozza d'oro (1953). She made her Hollywood debut in the film version of Tennessee Williams's The Rose Tattoo (1955), which won her an Oscar.
From The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance in Oxford Reference.