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Only Herodotus calls the Magi a Median tribe. In the pre‐Hellenistic Greek tradition they are reciters of theogonies, explainers of dreams, royal educators and advisers. Magi are experts in the oral tradition rather than a class of priests, although they partake in sacrifices. In the Persepolis administrative texts and in other cuneiform documents magi often occur without a religious context. In the later Greek tradition the term often refers to specialists in exotic wisdom, astrology, and sorcery. See magic; religion, persian.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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